Luxor, often called the world's most excellent open-air museum, is a city that captivates the imagination. Located in southern Egypt, Luxor is the site of the ancient city of Thebes and is teeming with ancient temples, tombs, and artifacts. Its rich history and stunning monuments make it an unmissable destination for history enthusiasts and travelers alike.


Luxor's cuisine is deeply rooted in Egyptian traditions, and there are several delicious dishes and treats that you must try when in the city.

  • Stuffed Pigeon: A traditional Egyptian dish, a stuffed pigeon is often served on special occasions. The pigeon is stuffed with rice or freekeh (green wheat) and seasoned with various spices.
  • Molokhia: This famous Egyptian soup is made with finely chopped jute leaves, often served with chicken or rabbit. It's usually eaten with bread or rice and is nutritious and flavorful.
  • Tamiya (Egyptian Falafel): Made from fava beans and herbs, these deep-fried balls are served on pita bread with tahini sauce and vegetables. You'll find them being sold by street vendors throughout Luxor.
  • Traditional Egyptian Sweets: Try Basbousa, a sweet cake made of semolina soaked in syrup, or Kahk, a traditional cookie flavored with honey and nuts.


Luxor's culture is firmly anchored in its ancient history, with strong influences from the Pharaohs and later periods of Egyptian history.

  • Language and Communication: While Arabic holds the status of being the official language in Egypt, you'll find that English is extensively spoken in Luxor, particularly in areas frequented by tourists.
  • Historical Significance: Luxor is built upon the ruins of Thebes, an ancient city that was considered magnificent and was dedicated to the god Amon; it also functioned as Egypt's capital during segments of the Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom.
  • Religious Practices: Most of Luxor's population is Muslim, but the city is also home to several ancient religious sites, including temples dedicated to the ancient Egyptian gods.
  • Festivals: Luxor hosts several festivals, including the Luxor African Film Festival and the annual Luxor Temple Festival.

Travel Tips

Navigating Luxor can be a memorable experience, and here are some tips to ensure a smooth journey:

  • Currency and Payment: The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound. Keeping some cash with you is advisable, though cards are widely accepted in most places.
  • Transportation: Taxis, horse-drawn carriages (caleche), and bicycles are standard modes of transportation. Always agree on a fare before starting a journey in a taxi or caleche.
  • Climate: Luxor experiences an arid desert climate with high temperatures. It is advisable to plan your visit between October and April when the weather is relatively cooler. Don't forget to pack sunscreen, a hat, and sunglasses for protection.
  • Stay Alert: Beware of street vendors trying to sell you items at inflated prices, and always be vigilant of your belongings.
  • Respect Local Customs: Dress modestly to respect the local culture, especially when visiting religious sites.

Interesting Facts

  • Valley of the Kings: Luxor houses the renowned Valley of the Kings, which is the burial site containing tombs constructed for the pharaohs and influential nobility from the New Kingdom era of Ancient Egypt.
  • Temples and Monuments: The Luxor and Karnak temples are among the most magnificent temples in the world, with the latter being the second-largest ancient religious site.
  • The Colossi of Memnon: The two colossal statues are the sole remnants of the funeral temple dedicated to Pharaoh Amenhotep III.

Top Places

  • Karnak Temple: This vast temple complex was built over a thousand years ago and is a spectacular site to explore.
  • Luxor Temple: A large ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River, it is one of Egypt's most preserved temple complexes.
  • The Colossi of Memnon:Make sure to see the pair of enormous stone figures representing Pharaoh Amenhotep III. These statues have been a part of the Theban necropolis for over 3400 years.
  • Luxor Museum: Learn more about ancient Egypt with a visit to the Luxor Museum, which has a well-curated collection of artifacts.

Luxor is an enchanting city that offers a window into ancient Egypt. Its rich history, vibrant culture, delicious food, and the majesty of its temples and tombs make it a must-visit destination for any world traveler. When you walk the streets of Luxor and explore its historical sites, you're treading the paths of pharaohs and legends.