Alexandria, fondly known as the Pearl of the Mediterranean, is a city that embodies a blend of ancient history and modern charm. Named after Alexander the Great, the city once housed the world-famous Library of Alexandria and was a beacon of knowledge and culture. Today, it is Egypt's second-largest city and an important port, boasting a rich history, beautiful beaches, and a lively cosmopolitan atmosphere.


Alexandrian cuisine is a flavorful mix of traditional Egyptian and Mediterranean influences. The city's location on the Mediterranean Sea makes seafood a prominent feature in many dishes.

  • Seafood: Relish the freshest seafood at various establishments throughout the city. Popular options include Samakmak, where you can taste fish prepared in traditional Alexandrian style.
  • Kebda (Fried Liver): Alexandria is famous for its street food, especially Kebda, spiced liver usually served in a sandwich. The city is famous throughout Egypt.
  • Hawawshi: A delicious Egyptian sandwich with spiced minced meat baked in a bread loaf. Many local eateries serve this delicious dish.
  • Sweets and Ice Cream: Alexandria is renowned for its sweets. Enjoy the famous Ruz bil-Laban (rice pudding), or visit Azza Ice Cream for various flavors.


Alexandria's culture is a melting pot due to its historic role as a major port and center for learning.

  • Languages and Communication: Arabic is the official language, but English, French, and Italian are widely spoken due to Alexandria's cosmopolitan heritage.
  • Literature and Arts: Alexandria has been the inspiration and home for many writers and artists, including the famous poet Constantine P. Cavafy. The city has a rich literary tradition and is considered the cultural capital of Egypt.
  • Dress Code: Alexandria is more liberal than other Egyptian cities, but it's still advisable to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites.
  • Festivals: The city hosts several cultural festivals, including the Alexandria Film Festival and the International Summer Festival, showcasing films, music, and arts worldwide.

Travel Tips

As you explore the enchanting city of Alexandria, keep these travel tips in mind:

  • Currency and Payment: The Egyptian pound is the currency, and it's advisable to carry cash as smaller establishments may not accept cards.
  • Transportation: Alexandria has an extensive tram system, one of the oldest in Africa. It's a cheap and efficient way to get around. Taxis and Uber are also available.
  • Climate: The city experiences a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers. The best time to visit is during spring or fall.
  • Stay Safe and Vigilant: Alexandria is generally safe, but it's wise to be cautious of pickpockets, especially in crowded areas.
  • Guided Tours: Consider taking a guided tour to learn more about the city's rich history.

Interesting Facts

  • Ancient Lighthouse: The Lighthouse of Alexandria was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and was located on the island of Pharos.
  • Library of Alexandria: The Library of Alexandria of antiquity was renowned as the most eminent library in the ancient world and was a hub for scholarly pursuits.
  • Multi-Cultural Heritage: Alexandria has a rich multi-cultural heritage with influences from Greek, Roman, and Arab civilizations.

Top Places

  • Bibliotheca Alexandrina: A tribute to the ancient Library of Alexandria, this modern library is a must-see cultural complex.
  • Citadel of Qaitbay: Built on the site of the ancient Lighthouse of Alexandria, this 15th-century fortress offers breathtaking views of the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Montaza Palace and Gardens: Explore the beautiful royal gardens and the stunning Montaza Palace, which blend Turkish and Florentine architectural styles.
  • The Roman Amphitheatre: One of the best-preserved Roman monuments in Egypt, this arena was discovered by accident in the 1960s and is an architectural marvel.
  • The Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa: This historical, archaeological site is a series of tombs and artifacts from the 2nd century, representing a blend of Egyptian and Roman art.

Alexandria is a captivating city with a rich history, diverse culture, and delectable cuisine. From its ancient monuments and modern library to its bustling markets and serene beaches, Alexandria promises an enriching and unforgettable experience for every traveler.